Comparison of domestic and foreign situations of t

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The import and export trade structure of China's glass and glass products industry is unreasonable, and the export mainly depends on glass raw materials, primary processed products and safety glass. The export capacity of safety glass benefits from the introduction of foreign technology and the direct investment of multinational companies. The commodities with large import and export deficit in China are mainly special glass, optical glass and processed glass with rapid domestic demand and high technical content

the competitive environment faced by China's glass and glass products industry has three characteristics: ① after China's accession to the world trade organization, international and domestic competition has been rapidly integrated and increasingly fierce; ② Multinational companies accelerate the pace of investment in China, build new production facilities or acquire Chinese enterprises for transformation, and gradually occupy the lucrative market for high-performance, high value-added glass and its products; ③ Developed countries will abandon the production of medium and low-end products with low added value, and their production capacity will accelerate the transfer to developing countries represented by China

China's accession to the World Trade Organization on December 11, 2001 means the full opening of China's glass and its products market. Not only can China's export goods enjoy more preferential tariff policies in the World Trade Organization member countries (regions), but also many domestic enterprises can greatly reduce production costs from global procurement, thus greatly improving the international competitiveness of enterprises and bringing new opportunities for China's products with comparative advantages. Joining the world trade organization means that Chinese enterprises have increased effective demand for technology. Due to the opening of the market, Chinese enterprises have to speed up the pace of technological innovation in order to meet the challenges of foreign enterprises, especially multinational corporations. It is easy to find presses from Northeast China and sell them to Hainan 3 yadu, seeking extensive technical support to improve their international competitiveness. In the long run, the internal demand for technology due to competitive pressure will help improve the technological capacity of Chinese industries

joining the world trade organization means that China's investment environment has been fundamentally improved, which is conducive to China's glass and its products industry to attract foreign capital and technology, and to the digestion and absorption of imported technology, system integration, imitation and innovation, so as to promote the diffusion and spillover of foreign advanced technology in domestic enterprises and the rapid improvement of the technological capacity of Chinese enterprises. China's accession to the world trade organization will have a great negative impact on China's technology introduction and development. The promise of tariff reduction means the full opening of China's market, and the adjustment of foreign investment policy means that China has achieved remarkable success in recent years. These materials are receiving attention in the vast end-user market, and the technology introduction strategy of market for technology has failed. After the elimination of restrictions on localization, foreign exchange balance and product export proportion of foreign-funded enterprises and joint ventures, it directly reduces the negotiating position of Chinese enterprises in introducing technology and weakens China's late development advantage as a developing country

expanding the scope of intellectual property rights will make China's technology introduction face new challenges. On the one hand, multinational companies will use their technology monopoly position to claim high technology transfer fees after land reclamation, thereby increasing the cost of China's technology introduction; On the other hand, multinational companies will take advantage of their technological monopoly to tighten control over Chinese enterprises that introduce their technology. This will not only have a negative impact on China's technology catch-up strategy, but also have a negative impact on employment and product market competition. Constrained by the agreement on subsidies and countervailing measures, the scope, mode and intensity of government subsidies to enterprises aimed at improving the international competitiveness of the industry need to be adjusted accordingly, which will have a negative impact on the development of China's glass and its products industry, which currently does not have international competitiveness. Many enterprises with weak technical competitiveness will have to take the road of joint venture and relying on multinational companies with advanced technology and abundant funds

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