The hottest profit fell 154 petrochemical industry

2022-10-16
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Profits fell by 15.4%. The petrochemical industry is facing three major challenges

Li Yongwu, President of the China Federation of petroleum and chemical industries, recently revealed at the 2012 China International Petrochemical conference that in the first half of the year, the industry realized a profit of 359.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 15.4%

Li Yongwu cited a series of key figures: from January to July this year, enterprises above Designated Size in the whole industry achieved a total output value of 6.9 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.3% year-on-year; The investment in fixed assets was 903.13 billion yuan, an increase of 30.9% year-on-year; The total import and export volume was 372.5 billion US dollars, an increase of 8.5% year on year. In the first half of the year, the whole industry realized a profit of 359.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 15.4%

in his view, the current imbalance between traditional products and high-end products, the contradiction between cost growth and the improvement of safety and environmental protection requirements, and the imperfect innovation ability and innovation system constitute the three major challenges facing China's petroleum and chemical industry

Three major challenges restrict the development of the industry. Li Yongwu said that on the whole, China's petroleum and chemical industry has great market potential, strong driving force foundation and good policy environment for the future development, and has strong comparative advantages and broad development space. At the same time, the monthly income of China's petroleum and chemical production auxiliary personnel is also more than 2000 yuan, and the industry is also facing some severe challenges

the overcapacity of traditional products coexists with the structural imbalance of the lack of high-end specialty chemicals. At present, most traditional petroleum and chemical products have changed from overall quantity shortage to structural surplus, industrial structure has developed homogeneously, low-level repeated construction is more serious, and the unit operating load is low. On the other hand, there is a relative shortage of high-end specialty chemicals, some of which are highly dependent on imports. Overcapacity has significantly lowered market prices, distorted the normal market order, intensified disorderly competition and resource waste, and caused unbalanced, uncoordinated and unsustainable industrial development

the double pressures of rapid cost growth and increasing requirements for safety and environmental protection coexist. From January to July this year, the sales cost of the whole industry reached 4.8 trillion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 13.2%, exceeding the revenue growth rate by 2.7 percentage points, increasing the burden on enterprises and weakening market competitiveness. At the same time, the society has higher and higher requirements for safety and environmental protection, and enterprises are facing more stringent safety and environmental protection regulations and policies, which is conducive to the adjustment of structure and mode of enterprises in the long run. However, for enterprises with weak technological innovation ability, low profitability and relative shortage of funds, it increases the pressure on the survival and development of enterprises in the short term

the weak innovation ability of enterprises and the imperfect system and mechanism obstacles of industrial technological innovation system coexist at the same time. Technological innovation is the central link to speed up structural adjustment and mode transformation. Compared with enterprises in developed countries, especially multinational companies, there is a large gap in the technological innovation ability of Chinese petroleum and chemical enterprises. From the perspective of the industry as a whole, the technological innovation system with enterprises as the main body and the combination of industry, University and research has not been fully established, and the construction of public innovation service platform lags behind; The low degree of industrialization and industrialization of scientific research achievements, especially the weak ability of technology integration and engineering transformation, has become an important constraint for the whole industry to speed up the adjustment of structure and mode

transformation and upgrading opportunities are rare

in Li Yongwu's view, at present, although the world economy has not yet formed a stable recovery trend, and China's economy is also facing great downward pressure, as the energy industry, basic raw materials industry and pillar industry of the national economy, China's petroleum and chemical industry still has great development space and development potential, especially in the process of accelerating economic transformation and upgrading, Facing a rare development opportunity

first, China is still in an important period of strategic opportunities that can make great achievements, creating growing demand for the petroleum and chemical industry. With the movement of Chinese industry 7 and machines, we should pay attention to handling with care, and pay attention to packaging and shockproof during transportation Industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketization, internationalization and other related industries such as agriculture, building materials, automobile, textile, light industry have put forward greater demand for petroleum and chemical products. At the same time, as the pace of industrial restructuring accelerates, the consumption structure of residents is improving day by day. The demand for petroleum and chemical products, especially high-end chemicals, will maintain rapid growth for a long time, creating a new and larger market space for Chinese and foreign enterprises

second, the active guidance and strong support of the Chinese government have created a good policy environment for the transformation and development of the petroleum and chemical industry. In order to promote the healthy and sustainable development of the industry, the Chinese government has issued a series of plans and policy measures in the past two years to encourage the elimination of backward production capacity, encourage technological innovation, energy conservation and emission reduction, and vigorously develop strategic emerging industries such as new chemical materials, shale gas, biomass energy, high-end specialty chemicals, and modern coal chemical industry. The introduction of these plans and policies has created a good policy environment for the transformation and development of Chinese and foreign enterprises. From January to July this year, the investment growth of organic chemical raw materials, synthetic materials, specialty chemicals and other industries has accelerated significantly. In particular, the investment growth of organic chemical raw materials and synthetic materials industries has reached 65.5% and 65% respectively, much higher than that of other traditional industries

third, China's petroleum and chemical industry has formed a relatively complete industrial system, which has the internal vitality and strength of innovative development. According to the particularity of the use of experimental machine fixtures and the continuous emergence of new materials, the design of fixtures has always been in a passive situation. Every day, we will encounter different maximum experimental forces (loading capacity) that can be tested by new materials, and load sensors are also divided into 50N, 5kn and other different types of power. China has formed an independent and complete industrial system covering about 50 important sub industries, including oil and gas exploitation, oil refining, basic chemical raw materials, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, special chemicals, rubber products, etc., formed a relatively complete industrial chain that runs through the upstream, middle and downstream and can produce more than 60000 products, and built a large number of chemical parks and industrial bases with optimized management, prominent characteristics, complete supporting facilities, and high industrial relevance. Through reform and restructuring, many joint-stock enterprises and enterprise groups with flexible and dynamic mechanisms have emerged. The remarkable development achievements of China's petroleum and chemical industry in terms of industrial system, industrial chain, chemical parks, industrial bases, modern enterprises, technological innovation, etc. have injected exuberant vitality and strong impetus into the industry to speed up the adjustment of structure and mode, better integrate into global competition and cooperation, and achieve sustainable development

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